Archive: July 25, 2023

News On Magneto-electric Sensors

In these days, the Journal of Nano Energy published a new paper entitled as “Self-powered elementary hybrid magnetoelectric sensor”

There are numerous magnetic field sensors available, but no simple, robust, sensitive sensor for biomedical applications that does not require cryogenic cooling or shielding has yet been developed. In this contribution, a new approach for building a magnetoelectric field sensor is presented, which has the potential to fill this gap. The sensor is based on a resonant cantilever with a piezoelectric readout layer and a pair of opposing permanent magnets. One is attached to the cantilever, and the other one is fixed to a sample holder below. This new concept can be deduced from the most basic composite-based sensor [1], where the magnets interact analog to two particles in a polymer matrix. The bias-free, empirical measurements show a limit-of-detection of 46 pT/√Hz with a sensitivity of 2170 V/T using the sensor’s resonance frequency of 223.5 Hz under ambient conditions. The sensor fabrication is based on low resolution silicon technology, which promises high compatibility and the possibility to be integrated into MEMS devices. The design of this new sensor can be easily altered and adjusted according to the requirements of the specific sensor application. For example, tuning of the operating resonance frequency cannot solely be modified in the production of the cantilever but also by the arrangement of the permanent magnets. In addition, the concept can also be applied to energy harvesters. Beside possible mechanical excitation, the presence of a magnetic stray field alone allows the sensor to convert 20 μT into a power of 1.31 μW/cm3⋅Oe2. The fact that the device does not require any DC bias field makes it very attractive for energy harvesting applications since this allows a purely passive operation. In this manuscript, the sensor assembly, measurements of directional sensitivity, noise level, limit-of-detection, evaluation for energy harvesting applications from magnetic fields and a quantitative sensor model are presented.

News On PC-based Sensors

In these days, the Journal of Plasmonics published a new paper entitled as “Ultrasensitive Photonic Crystal Fiber Sensor for Identifying Various Explosives”

The present work has been performed with an intent of designing a robust, profound, and highly sensitive sensor for numerous explosive detections. The main objective of the present study is to design a simplified structure with fabrication feasibilities. The proposed structure of an explosive detector includes a hollow core surrounded with four sectored-type air holes in the cladding area and silica as background of the fiber which operates for 1–2 THz frequency band. Furthermore, the optical guiding property of the detector is examined, and numerical study has been performed. The modelling has been performed with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics 5.6a software based on finite element method, and Origin 2023 software is used for plotting and analyzing the characteristic curves. The suggested sensor structure has been analyzed for various explosives such as TNT, RDX, HMX, and PETN. Optical parameters such as effective refractive index, confinement loss, effective area, nonlinearity, propagation constant, and relative sensitivity have been evaluated. The proposed structure offers relative sensitivity of 84.02%, 69.42%, 71%, and 79.31% for TNT, RDX, HMX, and PETN samples, respectively. The proposed detector structure offers better sensing proficiency for explosive detection. The simplified design favors the fabrication possibilities and makes it economically effective. The proposed study will add up to the developments in the field of photonics and chemical detection and, moreover, will open new doors for better application for security and explosive sensing.

News On Spintronic

In these days the journal of Photonics Research published a new paper entitled as “Promoting spintronic terahertz radiation via Tamm plasmon coupling”

Spectral fingerprint and terahertz (THz) field-induced carrier dynamics demands the exploration of broadband and intense THz signal sources. Spintronic THz emitters (STEs), with high stability, a low cost, and an ultrabroad bandwidth, have been a hot topic in the field of THz sources. One of the main barriers to their practical application is lack of an STE with strong radiation intensity. Here, through the combination of optical physics and ultrafast photonics, the Tamm plasmon coupling (TPC) facilitating THz radiation is realized between spin THz thin films and photonic crystal structures. Simulation results show that the spectral absorptance can be increased from 36.8% to 94.3% for spin THz thin films with TPC. This coupling with narrowband resonance not only improves the optical-to-spin conversion efficiency, but also guarantees THz transmission with a negligible loss (∼4%) for the photonic crystal structure. According to the simulation, we prepared this structure successfully and experimentally realized a 264% THz radiation enhancement. Furthermore, the spin THz thin films with TPC exhibited invariant absorptivity under different polarization modes of the pump beam and weakening confinement on an obliquely incident pump laser. This approach is easy to implement and offers possibilities to overcome compatibility issues between the optical structure design and low energy consumption for ultrafast THz optospintronics and other similar devices.

Many Congratulations

استاد عزیزمان، سرکارخانم دکتر حمیدی

ریاست محترم آزمایشگاه مگنتوپلاسمونیک

ارتقای شایسته سرکارعالی  به مرتبه استاد تمامی را صمیمانه تبریک گفته وتوفیق روزافزون شما را در جهت پیشبرد واعتلای اهداف آموزشی وپژوهشی پژوهشکده لیزر و پلاسما از درگاه خداوند متعال آرزو میکنیم.

و من الله توفیق

اعضای آزمایشگاه مگنتوپلاسمونیک