Plasmonic grating H2S sensor based on a chitosan-polyaniline-nano-composite
SEYEDEH MEHRI HAMIDI, FARNAZ AMOUYAN, AMIR REZA SADROLHOSSEINI, REZA TAHERI GHAHRIZJANI, AND MAHMOOD KAZEMZAD
In this study, a plasmonic sensor was designed based on the grating coupling to detect the low concentration of H2S as a toxic chemical. The polyaniline nanostructure was prepared using the laser ablation technique in a chitosan solution and the final products were tested using analytical methods. The chitosan-polyaniline nanocomposite layer was used as a sensing layer and coated on the surface of 1D polydimethylsiloxane grating. The variation of reflectivity with different concentrations of H2S was registered from the surface of the grating for evaluating the sensor’s response. Finally, it was explained using the Langmuir isotherm absorption model. The limit of detection and the sensitivity of chitosan-polyaniline-nanocomposite were about 1 ppm and 0.10767 for the detection of H2S, respectively.